Legal Aid Society

Projects, Units & Initiatives

Exploitation Intervention Project

The Exploitation Intervention Project, founded in 2011, is the first effort by a public defender office to address the systemic criminalization of victims of trafficking and gender-based violence. EIP has advocated for thousands of clients, providing direct representation and comprehensive services to Legal Aid’s clients charged with offenses related to sex work and survivors of trafficking and gender-based violence facing prosecution for other offenses in New York City. Our city-wide interdisciplinary team includes five criminal defense attorneys, a social worker/mitigation specialist, a paralegal/case handler, and as of 2019, an immigration attorney.

START Act Passed

New law allows trafficking survivors to vacate ALL convictions related to their trafficking

On November 16, 2021, the START Act was signed by Governor Hochul. The START Act expands and improves New York State’s vacatur statute by allowing trafficking survivors to request the dismissal and sealing of any type of criminal conviction that occurred as a result of their trafficking. New York now has the most comprehensive remedy for survivors who were forced by their traffickers to engage in criminal offenses. Labor trafficking survivors, who were previously locked out of criminal record relief because dismissal and sealing were limited to prostitution offenses, will now be able to seek this critical remedy which now allows all trafficking victims to move on without the burden of a criminal record. See the “Contact” section below for information on who to contact if you think you are eligible to have your record sealed.

Walking While Trans Ban Repeal

On February 2, 2021, the New York legislature repealed the loitering for the purposes of prostitution statute, commonly called the “Walking While Trans Ban.” This means loitering for the purposes of prostitution is no longer a criminal offense in New York, and the records of past convictions should have been sealed automatically. Learn more here.

Partnerships: EIP’s Advisory Board

In June 2023, the Exploitation Intervention Project’s Advisory Board celebrated its fifth anniversary. The Advisory Board – the first of its kind within a defender organization – is made up of former clients committed to seeing themselves and EIP grow. EIP’s Advisory Board is a collaboration– together, Staff and Members address strategic decisions about EIP’s representation of clients, engagement with outside organizations, and policy efforts. As directly-impacted people, Members are best equipped to guide EIP’s response to their clients, while radically improving and altering the traditional structure of a legal service project. EIP’s clients are criminalized survivors of sex and labor trafficking, and victims of gender-based violence and sex workers.

The Advisory Board has expanded its reach and the scope of its work by: presenting at the national Freedom Network USA annual conference and to New York State judges at the annual Human Trafficking Intervention Courts Stakeholder meeting; meeting with legislators; working locally and nationally to strengthen trafficking survivors’ ability to clear their criminal record; training service providers working in New York City’s Human Trafficking Intervention Court; consulting with the Institute for Innovation in Prosecution to share best practices for identifying and working with trafficking victims as witnesses or defendants; and meeting one-on-one with new EIP vacatur clients. In January 2022 the Advisory Board welcomed four new members and we look forward to the growth and expertise these new members will bring.

EIP’s Client Support Fund

Even before the COVID pandemic, our clients lived on the margins. Some have low wage jobs and live paycheck to paycheck, and since the pandemic began, these jobs have all but evaporated. Those we serve lost their jobs, fell behind in rent, struggled to feed themselves and many do not qualify for government measures such as unemployment or stimulus checks. For our undocumented clients the situation is perhaps even more dire.

In April 2020, EIP began an emergency fundraising effort to support our vulnerable clients. Through the generous donations we received we have been able to help clients keep the power on in their apartments, have kept phones in service for clients whose phone is their sole contact with the outside world, and have provided money for food, medication, and emergency shelter.

To help keep the fund strong, two EIP team members, Ryan and Cate, ran the NYC Half Marathon. Their efforts raised over $15,000 which is directly supporting both EIP’s Client Support Fund and our Advisory Board.

Our Impact

Since its inception, some of the most impactful work the Exploitation Intervention Project has done is through our post-conviction advocacy representing trafficking survivors seeking to vacate criminal convictions pursuant to New York State’s vacatur law, Criminal Procedure Law Section 440.10(1)(i). This law, as expanded by the START Act, allows survivors of trafficking to vacate all criminal convictions directly tied to their trafficking. While survivors face many challenges in rebuilding their lives, the stigma of a criminal record imposed for acts in which they were compelled to engage is particularly burdensome as it impedes survivors’ ability to obtain stable employment and housing and is a constant reminder of their exploitation. EIP is proud to have helped change the lives of 146 trafficking survivors by assisting them in vacating more than 2,100 convictions. See the “Contact” section below for information on who to contact if you think you are eligible to have your record sealed.


The Exploitation Intervention Project works with trafficking survivors to help them vacate convictions related to their trafficking and seal the records of those arrests. If you were convicted of a prostitution-related offense when you were under the age of 18 or have any type of conviction that was the result of force, fraud, or coercion, you may be eligible to have your record sealed.

To find out if you are eligible to have your trafficking-related convictions vacated and the records sealed please complete our online intake form.

Learn More