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Projects, Units & Initiatives

The Cop Accountability Project

The Cop Accountability Project (CAP) empowers organizations and communities across New York City to hold police officers accountable for human rights violations. The CAP project runs a database that tracks police misconduct in New York City and is used by public defense, civil rights, and human rights organizations.  The database has become a national model for defenders collecting police misconduct materials and has been featured in the American Bar Association, The Intercept, WNYC, and presented at the National Legal Aid and Defender Association, the National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement, the Quattrone Center, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, as well as human rights venues like the NYU Bernstein Center, among many more.

CAP has also curated a database for the public, available at which allows users to browse thousands of federal civil rights lawsuits filed against NYPD officers, in addition to other public information. CAPstat, has been featured in The New York Times, New York Law Journal, New York Daily News, El Diario and more.

Beyond the database, CAP works to improve police accountability and transparency by advocating against problematic policing policies, fighting policy secrecy laws and litigating Freedom of Information Law denials. Our advocacy has been covered by the Capitol Pressroom, The New York Times, the New York Law Journal, The Associated Press, the New York Daily News, and more.

Our Cases

CAP brings individual and class action federal civil rights lawsuits to make necessary changes to policing in New York City. Our docket includes:

Ruben An v. the City of New York, 16-CV-05381 (LGS)

In this First Amendment case for injunctive and declaratory relief, Mr. An fought for recognition of the right to record police encounters after he was falsely arrested in retaliation for refusing to stop recording a public police encounter. The case settled for the creation of a new Patrol Guide Section 203-29 “When A Member of the Service Encounters an Individual Observing, Photographing, and/or Recording Police Activity” that specifically instructs police that “[i]ndividuals have a right to lawfully observe and/or record police activity” in addition to related training and messaging alerts around the new Patrol Guide rule.

See coverage of this lawsuit in The New York Times, MetroFocus and the New York Daily News.


D.H., et al v. the City of New York, et al, 16-CV-7698 (PKC)(KNF)

This lawsuit, brought on behalf of eight women, both cis- and transgender, sought to strike New York State Penal Law 240.37, which criminalized loitering for the purposes of prostitution, for being unconstitutionally vague and leaving marginalized New Yorkers vulnerable to discriminatory policing practices. The case settled for a revision of the Patrol Guide section related to policing loitering for the purposes of prostitution, related training and a limited period of auditing new arrests for compliance.

See coverage of this lawsuit in The New York Times Magazine, the Village Voice, and the New York Daily News.


Cornell Holden, et al, v. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey et al, 17-CV-02192(JGK)(RL)

Plaintiffs challenge the Port Authority Police Department’s discriminatory practice of using plainclothes police officers in men’s bathrooms to target men they perceive to be attracted to other men for false accusations of public lewdness. This case is pending trial in the Southern District of New York.

See coverage of these arrests in The New York Times.


Julie Ciccolini

Cynthia Conti-Cook